translated by google translator
– Thank you to the world, thank you to the UNESCO World Heritage Committee. We are pleased that the unique value of our mining heritage has become widely recognized. We owe it to our ancestors and future generations that the testimony of the past would become a testimony in the future. We are also aware that this title is not only prestige, but also a great commitment. It is up to us to protect our heritage, identity and pedigree. It is a great day because it turned out that these are not some Tarnowskie Góry, only TE Tarnowskie Góry. I am proud, full of joy – commented on the decision of the World Heritage Committee Zbigniew Pawlak, vice president of the Association of Tarnogórska Land Lovers.
I was actually waiting for the decision of the committee in peace. I was convinced that we achieved a lot regardless of everything. The nomination itself is something. Everyone in Tarnowskie Góry deserves to be praised. And it’s not only about work, but about a good word. I have often heard from residents that they keep their fingers crossed that they wish us well. I would like to thank all the inhabitants, our allies, “says Marek Kandzia, president of the Tarnowskie Góry Land Lovers Association.
– I am very happy, especially since we were not sure of this success until the end. Our conclusion was very complicated, because it shows the history of industry in our lands. We were the spark that caused the development of our part of Europe and more. We have worked hard over the last months to promote our candidacy. We are very happy and at the same time realize how great is our responsibility in the protection of this heritage. We are prepared! – said the deputy mayor of economic affairs Piotr Skrabaczewski on the market today.
– Please allow me to express our deep gratitude to the members of the World Heritage Committee for the entry of the Tarnowskie Góry, together with the underground water management system. Through this nomination and entry, we pay tribute to work and wisdom to previous generations, thanks to which we and future generations will be able to successfully develop – said during the discussion of our candidacy the taskforce manager for the organization of the 41st UNESCO session Katarzyna Piotrowska.
The application included 28 objects, not only in Tarnowskie Góry, but also in neighboring Zbrosławice and Bytom. These are the remains of the former silver ore, lead and zinc mines – mine excavations and mining shafts, the drainage and post-mining water drainage system and elements of the cultural landscape.
For several centuries, several thousand mines were operating in the area of Tarnowskie Góry and the surrounding area; around 20,000 were created here. shafts and over 150 km of underground excavations. Part of this complex are the two most-known objects – the Historic Silver Mine and the Black Trout Adit. A 600-meter section of the tunnel used to drain the mine today, today tourists swim – underground – boats. This is the longest underground tourist route in Poland, being defeated in this way. The adit was made available to tourists in 1957.
TheHistoric Silver Mine, on the other hand, is the only tourist route in Poland marked out in the underground that is a remnant of the former silver, lead and zinc ores mines. It is a small fragment of the former Fryderyk mine. It was opened to the public in 1976. The nearly 2-kilometer trail prepared for visitors runs 40 m underground.
Both the adit and the mine have been on the presidential list of Monuments of History for years. In addition, since November 2014, the mine is so-called the anchor point of the European Industrial Heritage Route (ERIH) network, bringing together about 200 technical monuments in Europe. These objects also belong to the Industrial Monuments Route of the Silesian Voivodeship.
Everyone was keeping their fingers crossed
The decision of the World Heritage Committee was unequivocal – see the joy of the Polish delegation on the occasion of the entry.
PHOTOS FROM THE 41st SESSION OF THE WORLD HERITAGE COMMITTEE
“Lead, silver and zinc mines and its underground water management system in Tarnowskie Góry” – exactly what objects were on the UNESCO list
Tarnowskie Góry boasts the largest and most historically significant mine of lead, silver and zinc in Poland as well as an integrated, underground water management system that includes a pioneering water supply system, the largest of its kind in the world. The decision about the entry will be made in mid-2017.
In the history of Tarnowskie Góry, two basic phases of its development are distinguished. The first, made in the 16th century, made the Tarnowskie Góry, then an important center for the production and export of lead-silver ore. It is believed that the tarvanized lead exported had an indirect impact on the development of international trade and the general economic recovery of the continent.
The second phase, begun in 1784, involved the extraction of large-scale deposits in the state (Prussian) Fryderyk mine. At that time Tarnowskie Góry earned a permanent place in the history of the industrial revolution, including through the early use of steam technology for underground drainage (since 1788) and the size of local zinc production, which in the nineteenth century accounted for almost half of the global demand for this raw material.
Particularly noteworthy is the extensive mine drainage and water supply technology team. The key element was Sztolnia Głęboka Fryderyk, built in 1821-1834. The use of underground water for consumption and industrial purposes was the first large-scale system of this type in the world.
On the UNESCO World Heritage List, there were 28 post-mining objects located mainly in Tarnowskie Góry and in the part of Bytom and commune. Zbrosławice. In terms of both historical and technical aspects, they form a whole, related to the mining of silver ores, lead and zinc, as well as underground drainage systems and the use of post-mining water for food purposes.